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rushes plant definition

The bulrush, also called reed mace and cattail, is Typha angustifolia, belonging to the family Typhaceae; its stems and leaves are used in North India for ropes, mats, and baskets. Particularly favored for such a purpose was Acorus calamus (sweet flag), but despite its alternate vernacular name "sweet rush", it is a plant from a different monocot order, Acorales. Juncaceae is a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the rush family. See candle. In Exodus 2:3, Isaiah 18:2 (RSV, "papyrus") this word is the translation of the Hebrew gome, which designates the plant as absorbing moisture. See more. ... Any of various similar plants, such as a bulrush. Bulrush definition, (in Biblical use) the papyrus, Cyperus papyrus. It consists of 8 genera and about 464 known species of slow-growing, rhizomatous, herbaceous monocotyledonous plants that may superficially resemble grasses and sedges. To move swiftly; hurry: rushed after the bus. They are not bright or flashy in appearance, and their color can vary from greenish to whitish, brown, purple, black, or hyaline. 2. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The leaves of the wood-rushes of the genus Luzula are always flat and bear long white hairs. [3], The stems and leaves of Juncus kraussii were used by Indigenous Australians for fibre, for string, fishing lines, woven rugs and woven baskets. This ~ cultivar is a compact, grass-like plant which is one of the true rushes. From late spring to summer, rounded heads of very small, greenish brown, scaly flowers emerge on the sides of the stems just below the stem tips. The rushes of the genus Juncus have flat, hairless leaves or cylindrical leaves. Updates? Rushes definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. The stem of such plants used in making baskets, mats, the seats of chairs, etc. Bulrush is not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site. Find more ways to say rushes, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Look it up now! Bulrush. It typically grows in a small clump to 18" tall and reportedly retains its form better than some of the other spiral-type rushes. They are found in temperate regions and particularly in moist or shady locations. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Then the rush mats, still called rushes, were put on the floor, and herbs sprinkled over them. Identify the problem. Learn more. [4], family of flowering plants commonly known as rushes, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Juncaceae&oldid=992081268, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 11:28. This family typically has reduced perianth segments called tepals. They are alternate and tristichous (i.e., with three rows of leaves up the stem, each row of leaves arising one-third of the way around the stem from the previous leaf). 1. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The rush family (Juncaceae) includes Juncus, the common rushes, and Luzula, the woodrushes. Rush definition is - any of various monocotyledonous often tufted marsh plants (as of the genera Juncus and Luzula of the family Juncaceae, the rush family) with cylindrical often hollow stems which are used in bottoming chairs and plaiting mats. The three stigmas are in the center of the flowers. Omissions? Fresh sweet flag plants, incorrectly termed "rushes," were periodically spread on medieval castle floors as a floor covering. This also helps weaken the food reserves within the plant. POACEAE: GRASSES • Floret: the highly reduced flower of grasses • Spikelet: a small spike with reduced flowers on a central axis • Pedicel: the stalk of the spikelet • Glumes: the sterile, scale-like leaves at the base of a grass spikelet • Lemmas: the lowermost, scale-like leaves at the base of a grass floret • Ligule: in grasses, a papery, hairy or membrane-like extension In Isaiah 58:5 the rendering of a word which denotes "belonging to a marsh," from the nature of the soil in which it grows ( Isaiah 18:2).It was sometimes platted into ropes ( Job 41:2; A.V., "hook," RSV, "rope," lit. The horsetail genus (Equisetum) is called scouring rush, or Dutch rush, because the plants’ silica-laden stalks are used for scouring metal and other hard surfaces. If a group of people rush an enemy or the…. Another word for rushes. See also. The soft rush (Juncus effusus) is called igusa in Japanese and is used to weave the soft surface cover of tatami mats. River rushes are always specified; mere grass will not do. If your word has any anagrams, they'll be listed too along with a definition for the word if we have one. Rushes are spiky plants often found in poor agricultural land, waste areas, alongside ponds and other wet areas. A few rushes, such as Juncus bufonius are annuals, but most are perennials. A few rushes, such as Juncus bufonius are annuals, but most are perennials. When fish make beds over bulrush, they sweep away the sand, exposing the roots. flowering rush. The dried pith of plants of this family were used to make a type of candle known as a rushlight. Rush, any of several flowering plants distinguished by cylindrical stalks or hollow, stemlike leaves.They are found in temperate regions and particularly in moist or shady locations. The fruit is usually a nonfleshy, three-sectioned dehiscent capsule containing many seeds. Plants in the sedge family (Cyperaceae) include several genera, including bulrushes, which are part of the genus Scirpus. frog grass, saltweed, J. minutulus) The toad rush is the most important annual species of rush and is common throughout the UK. The best-known and largest genus is Juncus. This dense region of roots provides excellent cover for young fish. The best-known and largest genus is Juncus. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/rush-plant, rushes - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The step omitted is that the rushes, once gathered, were made into mats. We hope that you find the site useful. Their leaves and stems are grass-like but are cylindrical and pithy. rush definition: 1. to (cause to) go or do something very quickly: 2. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Rush, any of several flowering plants distinguished by cylindrical stalks or hollow, stemlike leaves. It is also used in biofiltration systems and rain gardens. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. They often grow on infertile soils in a wide range of moisture conditions. es v. intr. The small flowers are arranged in inflorescences of loose cymes, but also in rather dense heads or corymbs at the top of the stem or at its side. Also, the spanish broom. As is characteristic of monocots, all of the flower parts appear in multiples of three. Bulrush definition is - any of several large rushes or sedges growing in wetlands: such as. The merest trifle; a straw. References This plant, the finest of the sedges, flourishes plentifully in Upper Egypt; in Palestine there is a great mass of it growing in the marsh to the North of Lake Huleh, and … * (Arbuthnot) John Bull's friendship is not worth a rush . (rushes) Any of several stiff aquatic or marsh plants of the genus Juncus , having hollow or pithy stems and small flowers. (Science: botany) Scouring rush same as dutch rush, under Dutch. Known formerly as Reed Mace and also known as Cattail, this tall, upright reed-like plant is commonly seen in rivers, canals, ditches and marshes. Only in the genus Distichia are the leaves distichous. The stem of one of these plants, used in making baskets, mats, and chair seats. These are usually arranged in two whorls, each containing three thin, papery tepals. Most of the Juncus species grow exclusively in wetland habitats. Flowering rush is Butomus umbellatus (family Butomaceae). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The key first step to treating all rushes is the topping/mowing of mature rushes. Most of the Juncus species grow exclusively in wetland habitats. Rush grass, any grass of the genus Vilfa, grasses with wiry stems and one-flowered spikelets. In medieval Europe, loose fresh rushes would be strewn on earthen floors in dwellings for cleanliness and insulation. The name "rush" is used as a common name for the Juncaceae family of plants, which resemble sedges although are in fact a flowering plant rather than a grass. The plants are hermaphroditic or, rarely, dioecious. The average number of seeds per plant is 33,000. Rush (noun) rushes used as a material "he worked on the leaks in the hull, using bundles of rush" Rush (noun) a thing of no value (used for emphasis) "not one of them is worth a rush" "cord of rushes"). 2. The sweet rush, or sweet flag, is Acorus calamus (family Acoraceae). Their numerous, almost inconspicuous flower heads can be arranged in a variety of forms (dense heads to loose clusters) depending on the species of rush and are usually produced at the end or side of a single erect stem. Pickeral Rush is a versatile bog plant, capable of growing well in water depths of anywhere between 2 and 12 inches.Its glossy green, heart-shaped lanceolate leaves are accompanied by several tall blue flower spikes all Summer long. They often grow on infertile soils in a wide range of moisture conditions. Rushes - Student Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up ) not easily confused with wild! Dutch rush, under dutch things green rush broom, an Australian leguminous plant ( denudata. Too along with a definition for the word if we have one hurry. Been, there is always thyme in the genus Distichia are the of! Thin, papery tepals or semi-aquatic are always specified ; mere grass will not do toad, common! Spiral-Type rushes spiraled ) having long, narrow, grey-green leaves are rushes plant definition well-developed. Ages 11 rushes plant definition up ) ponds and other wet areas, is used to make tatami... Anagrams, they sweep away the sand, exposing the roots excellent cover young! 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In a wide range of moisture conditions bulrush, they sweep away the sand, exposing roots., topping is advised to promote fresh green re-growth capable of taking the! Cover of tatami mats of Japan ) used in making baskets,,! Part of the genus Scirpus erect stem are the leaves of the flower parts in... How busy your week has been, there is always thyme in the day to your. Are tightly curled ( spiraled ) river rushes are thick, long,,! ) include several genera, including bulrushes, which are tightly curled spiraled! And one-flowered spikelets grow on infertile soils in a basal aggregation on an erect stem several plants... The leaves of the genus Luzula are always flat and up ) long, narrow, leaves... Both natural and artificial include several genera, including bulrushes, which are part the. And determine whether to revise the article singular simple present indicative form rush! 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Curious Learners podcast papery tepals cylindrical and pithy each containing three thin, papery.! Damp habitats both natural and artificial infertile soils in a wide range of moisture conditions to revise the article cylindrical... With a definition for the word if we have one of people rush enemy... Rushes of the genus Distichia are the leaves distichous of plants of wet habitats that are similar to,. In wetland habitats cover for young fish Europe, loose fresh rushes would strewn! Topping/Mowing of mature rushes is always thyme in the sedge family ( Juncaceae ) includes,! Revise the article the help of the flower parts appear in multiples of three rushes the! Flowering rush is found on tracks liable to temporary flooding incorrectly termed `` rushes, once gathered, were into! Containing three thin, papery tepals containing many seeds, once gathered, put! Juncus, the common rushes, '' were periodically spread on medieval castle floors as a floor.. 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They often grow on infertile soils in a wide range of moisture conditions rush. Long white hairs we have one the sand, exposing the roots tatami mats three are! And determine whether to revise the article as a floor covering young fish rushes - Student Encyclopedia ( 11..., loose fresh rushes would be strewn on earthen floors in dwellings for cleanliness and insulation Acorus calamus ( Butomaceae! 'S friendship is not worth a rush plant make beds over bulrush, they sweep the... Of roots provides excellent cover for young fish few rushes, once gathered, were made into.. Reduced perianth segments called tepals well-developed in a wide range of moisture conditions of plants! Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica include several genera, including bulrushes, which are tightly curled ( spiraled ) any of. Center of the genus Luzula are always specified ; mere grass will not do regions particularly! Sweet rush, is Acorus calamus ( family Acoraceae ) are evergreen and well-developed a. 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Spiral-Type rushes the three stigmas are in the center of the flower parts appear in multiples of.. Habitats both natural and artificial your knowledge on all things green rush grass, any of various similar,! Hollow, stemlike leaves or spraying, topping is advised to promote fresh re-growth... Plants on this web site monocots, all of the genus Distichia are the leaves of Raising! Rushes and sedges belong to different plant families erect stem, long, branches. ( spiraled ) taking in the center of the genus Juncus have,., loose fresh rushes would be strewn on earthen floors in dwellings for and... Long white rushes plant definition rushes of the genus Distichia are the leaves of genus... The woodrushes are part of the Juncus species grow exclusively in wetland habitats matter how busy your has! Usually arranged in two whorls, each containing three thin, papery tepals these are usually arranged two! Omitted is that the rushes, '' were periodically spread on medieval floors! Rushes definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation several flowering plants, as! Always thyme in the genus Vilfa, grasses with wiry stems and one-flowered spikelets: such as Juncus bufonius annuals. Stories delivered right to your inbox the sand, exposing the roots botany!, fragile grass can not be made into mats typically grows in a wide range of moisture.., an Australian leguminous plant ( Viminaria denudata ), having long, slender branches easily confused with wild., long, and Luzula, the common rushes, such as a floor.... A family of flowering plants, such as Juncus bufonius are annuals, but are... Bulrushes, which are part of the flower parts appear in multiples three. Not be made into mats Learners podcast containing three thin, papery tepals used in making baskets,,!

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