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His reign consolidated the Aztec Empire and made Tenochtitlan effectively the most important part of the Triple Alliance. Updated March 16, 2019. Cortes returned in 1520, laid siege to Tenochtitlan and the city fell to his army in early 1521. Map of Aztec Empire. Work Cited (picture citation show when you click on the picture) Ancient.EU. He later returned with an army and laid siege to Tenochtitlan which finally fell in 1521 with the capture of Cuauhtemoc. Engraving of the Teocalli of the Sacred War representing the Aztec coat of arms. In 1517, a comet was seen in the sky which the Aztecs interpreted as the harbinger of doom and destruction. 1517: Francisco Hernández de Córdoba expedition: three ships explore the Yucatan. Aztlan is a legendary … Cuauhtemoc ruled Tenochtitlan from 1520 to 1521, after the death of Montezuma II and before the city finally fell to Spaniards. Cortés leaves to combat a rival Spanish force on the coast, giving. In the year 1452, the Lake Texcoco overflowed ravaging the city of Tenochtitlan and damaging it severely. Over the next 225 years the Aztecs will move many times until they finally settle down at the city of Tenochtitlan . Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Sitemap. The Aztec Empire was the last of the great Mesoamerican cultures. Hernan Cortes landed on the Gulf Coast in 1519 and reached Tenochtitlan at the end of 1519. Interesting events in the timeline of Aztec History, accurate dates and timeline of the founding, events and decline of the Aztec Civilization. During his reign, Tenochtitlan was able to emerge as a powerful state. In 1545, an unknown disease struck the Aztec Empire.Those who came down with it might become feverish, start vomiting, and develop blotches on … Montezuma II was the most famous of the Aztec kings. Following the death of the first Aztec Emperor, Itzcoatl, Moctezuma I became the second emperor of the Aztec Empire. Timeline. 7000BC- Earliest Pre-Harappan settlement of Mehrgarh. Cortes takes over the Aztec Empire With Montezuma dead, Cortes took over the Aztec's capital city. 1200 - The Aztecs arrive in the Valley of Mexico. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1519, the Spaniards under the leadership of Hernan Cortes reached the Aztec Empire. In 1428, an alliance with city-states of Tlacopan and Texcoco was forged, although over time Tenochtitlan became the major power of the alliance. Then in 1325, the Mexica founded the city of Tenochtitlan which became the focal point of the Aztec Empire. In 1520, Spaniards arrived in Tenochtitlan and in 1521, the Aztec Empire fell to these invaders. Due to its island location the Aztec economy was based primarily on agriculture in the form of chinampas. In 1428, a Triple Alliance of the three city states including Tenochtitlan, Tlacopan and Texcoco marked the beginning of the Empire. In 1426, the dominant power in central Mexico, Azcapotzalco, saw civil war over the question of succession. Tenochitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, is built 1325. The Aztec Empire steadily grew in size and power, reaching its culmination by the beginning of 16th century where it stretched from Gulf of Mexico to Pacific coast. 1473 Tenochtnlan absorbs neighboring Aztec city, Tlatelolco 1486-1502 Rule of Axtec emperor Ahuitzotl; Artec empire at height of power in Mexico Based on the timeline, which of the following is true? The Aztecs had an extremely rich culture and they were kind enough to leave many aspects of their culture behind for us to experience today. XIX Century. The Aztec peoples included different ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to the 16th centuries. This marked the beginning of the Empire. NOW 50% OFF! … (Aztec Empire) Ēxcān Tlahtōlōyān. 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