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echinacea angustifolia common name

1.Fresh or dried whole plant or aerial preparations of E. purpurea, E. angustifolia or E. pallida. Status : F: Assessment finalised. Some products may not mix well with drugs or other natural products. – narrowleaf purple coneflower. Echinacea (Echinacea angustifolia) quantity. Subordinate Taxa. Take extra care if you are allergic to pollens or plants like ragweed, daisy, aster, marigolds, or chrysanthemums. Always check with your doctor before you use a natural product. Brauneria Necker ex T.C.Porter & Britton strigosa McGregor, 1968. The pollen is normally yellow in most species, but usually white in E. pallida. Some species are cultivated in gardens for their showy flowers. narrowleaf purple coneflower. Echinacea angustifolia DC. [18] Up to 58 drugs or supplements may interact with Echinacea. The three or four-angled fruits (cypselae), are tan or bicolored with a dark brown band distally. Consequently, regulatory authorities such as the United States Food and Drug Administration have not approved echinacea safe and effective for any health or medical purposes. Limit how much caffeine you drink while using this product. The receptacles are hemispheric to conic. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Leaf bases gradually increase in width away from the petioles or the bases are rounded to heart shaped. In stock. [24], The European Herbal Medicinal Products Committee (HMPC) and the UK Herbal Medicines Advisory Committee (HMAC) recommended against the use of Echinacea-containing products in children under the age of 12. Signs of infection. angustifolia (DC.) Populations typically flower during the summer, from June through to August. Echinacea. Kansas snakeroot in English. These include a fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher, chills, very bad sore throat, ear or sinus pain, cough, more sputum or change in color of sputum, pain with passing urine, mouth sores, wound that will not heal, or anal itching or pain. E. purpurea is big bushy shrub, growing 4-5 feet tall, with vivid purple coneflowers (hence the common name 'purple coneflower'). This species was chosen as the primary species of interest when The Project started in 1995 because it shares numerous characteristics with other native prairie plants… Scientific name: Echinacea angustifolia) A poultice of the root is applied to wounds, swellings, and sores. Common Names: echinacea, purple coneflower, coneflower, American coneflower Latin Names: Echinacea purpurea , Echinacea angustifolia , Echinacea pallida Background Echinacea pallida var. Echinacea Moench – purple coneflower. Common Name: Echinacea, Blacksamson echinacea, Strigose blacksamson: Family: Asteraceae or Compositae: USDA hardiness: 3-8: Known Hazards: possible suppression of immunity with habitual use. [21][22][23] Muscle and joint pain has been associated with Echinacea, but it may have been caused by cold or flu symptoms for which the Echinacea products were administered. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. [18], It is recommended that women breastfeeding should use caution with Echinacea products due to insufficient safety information available. Echinacea angustifolia DC. [18][19] Although there are no specific case reports of drug interactions with Echinacea,[20] safety about taking Echinacea supplements is not well-understood, with possibilities that it may cause side effects, such as nausea, stomach upset or diarrhea, and that it may have adverse reactions with other medications. Botanical Source.—Echinacea angustifolia is an herbaceous plant, the thick, black, pungent root of which sends up from year to year, a slender, sometimes somewhat stout stem, bristling with hairs, and from 2 to 3 feet … Echinacea, also called purple coneflower, is one of the most popular herbs worldwide. Members of the Echinacea species are known by their common name, purple coneflowers, or … [18] One of the most extensive and systematic studies to review the safety of Echinacea products concluded that overall, "adverse events are rare, mild and reversible," with the most common symptoms being "gastrointestinal and skin-related. Use of herb for 10-14 days recommended followed by a short break. Homonyms. The leaves are normally hairy with a rough texture, having uniseriate trichomes (1–4 rings of cells) but sometimes they lack hairs. Echinacea (Echinacea angustifolia) $ 7.00. They are found only in eastern and central North America, where they grow in moist to dry prairies and open wooded areas. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about your health and treatment options. It may be used to boost the immune system, for cancer, anxiety, or to limit swelling. Cronquist. The Plants Database includes the following 9 species of Echinacea . The corollas are pinkish, greenish, reddish-purple or yellow and have tubes shorter than the throats. Therapeutic area : Cough and cold. This includes people who have had a transplant, are on chemo, or have an autoimmune disease. They have erect stems that in most species are unbranched. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. diphenhydramine, Benadryl, turmeric, chlorpheniramine, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba, garlic, Banophen. Feeling dizzy, confused, or not able to sleep. The genus name Echinacea comes from the Greek word for "hedgehog," referring to the spiny seed head of the flower. [21] There are isolated case reports of rare and idiosyncratic reactions including thrombocytopenic purpura, leucopenia, hepatitis, kidney failure, and atrial fibrillation, although it is not clear that these were due to Echinacea itself. They contain different species (E. purpurea, E. angustifolia, E. pallida), different plant segments (roots, flowers, extracts), different preparations (extracts and expressed juice), and different chemical compositions which complicate understanding of a potential effect. There are at least 9 species of echinacea. Like all members of the sunflower family, the flowering structure is a composite inflorescence, with rose-colored (rarely yellow or white) florets arranged in a prominent, somewhat cone-shaped head – "cone-shaped" because the petals of the outer ray florets tend to point downward (are reflexed) once the flower head opens, thus forming a cone. Manufacturers re-labelled all oral Echinacea products that had product licenses for children with a warning that they should not be given to children under 12 as a precautionary measure. These flowering plants and their parts have different uses. Latin Name: Echinacea Purpurea, Echinacea Angustifolia, Echinacea Pallida. Some species have linear to lanceolate leaves, and others have elliptic- to ovate-shaped leaves; often the leaves decrease in size as they progress up the stems. The pappi are persistent and variously crown-shaped with 0 to 4 or more prominent teeth. "[21] Such side effects include nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, itch, and rash. FEIS ABBREVIATION: ECHANG SYNONYMS: None NRCS PLANT CODE [103]: ECAN2 ECANA ECANS COMMO… Echinacea angustifolia. Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. and its affiliates and/or licensors. Common name: Narrow-leaved purple coneflower About this species: Echinacea angustifolia is an herbaceous perennial, native to the tallgrass prairie and plains of North America. The paleae (chaffs on the receptacles of many Asteraceae) have orange to reddish purple ends, and are longer than the disc corollas. The ray florets number 8–21 and the corollas are dark purple to pale pink, white, or yellow. AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION: Groen, Amy H. 2005. Most species have leaf margins that are entire, but sometimes they are dentate or serrate. purpurea contains the caffeic acid ester, chicoric acid.E. You should not rely on this information in deciding whether or not to use, or accept your healthcare provider’s advice regarding use of, any natural products or similar treatments, therapies, or life-style choices. Echinacea is one of the three different genera known as coneflowers. [7] The research concluded that of the 40 genetically diverse populations of Echinacea studied, there were ten distinct species. [26], As with any herbal preparation, individual doses of Echinacea may vary significantly in chemical composition. The four species are E. angustifolia, E. pallida, E. purpurea, and the endangered E. tennensiensis. Echinacea species are herbaceous, drought-tolerant perennial plants growing up to 140 cm or 4 feet,[4] in height. [14] As of 2017, the benefit, if any, appears to be small and thus of little utility. One of its common names translates to 'Snakeroot' because it was the herb they trusted most to save them from snakebite poisoning. Helichroa Raf. purpurea contains the caffeic acid ester, chicoric acid.E. The great physiomedicalist T.J Lyle wrote 'In puerperal septicemia give half to one teaspoonful ( of Echinacea ) every four hours, or half teaspoonful from two to four hours'. Echinacea extracts inhibited growth of three species of trypanosomatids: Leishmania donovani, Leishmania major, and Trypanosoma brucei. This information does not endorse any natural products or similar treatments, therapies, or life-style choices as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. Flowers bloom in June and July, sometimes with sporadic continued bloom throughout the summer. ---Description---Named Echinacea by Linnaeus, and Rudbeckia, after Rudbeck, father and son, who were his predecessors at Upsala.The flowers are a rich purple and the florets are seated round a high cone; seeds, four-sided achenes. strigosa (R.L.McGregor) Gandhi. Narrow-leaved purple coneflower in language. The phyllaries are produced in a 2–4 series. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. 2010. The root of Echinacea angustifolia, De Candolle. They have large, showy heads of composite flowers, blooming in summer. It does NOT include all information about natural products, possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to you. 2.Fresh or dried preparations from the roots of E. purpurea, E. angustifolia or E. pallida. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Echinacea is the name of a group of flowering plants that are native to North ... E. angustifolia, which has narrow petals; ... including the one that causes the common cold. It has thick narrow leaves and bears a single flower distinguished by purple rays emanating from a coned shaped centre. [2] Inconsistent process control in manufactured echinacea products may involve poor inter- and intra-batch homogeneity, species or plant part differences, variable extraction methods, and contamination or adulteration with other products, leading to potential for substantial product variability.[12][24]. Only your healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to provide advice that is right for you. It became the only native prairie plant commonly used … The genus name and common name Echinacea derives from the Greek echinops, "hedgehog," in reference to the stiff, bristly flower head. Last updated on Apr 3, 2019. Echinacea angustifolia Asteraceae. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The inflorescences have crateriform to hemispheric shaped involucres which are 12–40 mm wide. There are nine known species of echinacea, all of which are native to North America. The basal leaves and the lower stem leaves have petioles, and as the leaves progress up the stem the petioles often decrease in length. The leaves are wider than E. angustifolia , which has more angular and hairy leaves (the specific name refers to this, literally meaning … Echinacea atrorubens. The leaf blades in different species may have one, three or five nerves. Four of the failing products contained levels of phenols below the potency level stated on the labels. Echinacea /ˌɛkɪˈneɪʃiə/[1] is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants in the daisy family. DNA analysis is applied to determine the number of Echinacea species, allowing clear distinctions among species based on chemical differences in root metabolites. The generic name is derived from the Greek word ἐχῖνος (ekhinos), meaning "sea urchin", due to the spiny central disk. Take extra care and check with your doctor if you have: Autoimmune diseases, like rheumatoid arthritis or lupus. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your healthcare provider. Some therapists have claimed that echinacea can help relieve side effects from cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy, but this has not been proven either. However, E. purpurea has been studied the most and is the easiest to cultivate. The abaxial faces of the laminae are glabrous or moderately hairy. All the members of the Echinacea genus are native to North America, though they are becoming more rare in the wild. The black root stock is used medicinally. Echinacea. It is a member of the daisy family (Compositae or Asteraceae, APG III, 2009) and has an alluring flowerhead that attracts a wide range of pollinators, including butterflies and native bees. Echinacea purpurea is used in traditional medicine. General blood purifier. Echinacea is a perennial, growing up to twenty inches in height, producing large, beautiful, daisylike purple flowers an… [9] They contain different species (E. purpurea, E. angustifolia, E. pallida), different plant segments (roots, flowers, extracts), different preparations (extracts and expressed juice), and different chemical compositions which complicate understanding of a potential effect. Date added to priority list : 13/07/2006. [2][11], While one 2014 systematic review found that Echinacea products are not effective to treat or prevent the common cold,[12] a 2016 meta-analysis found tentative evidence that use of Echinacea extracts reduced the risk of repeated respiratory infections. Exploring Echinacea’s Enigmatic Origins. Plants are generally long lived, with distinctive flowers. There are nine species of echinacea, four of which are used medicinally. [17], When taken by mouth, Echinacea does not usually cause side effects,[2] but may have undesirable interactions with various drugs prescribed for diseases, such as heart disease, bleeding, and autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or psoriasis. The name “echinacea” refers to almost 10 species of flowering herb, and echinacea supplements use one or several of these species. Those most commonly studied are E. purpurea, E. pallida, and E. [27] Many cultivars exist, and many of them are asexually propagated to keep them true to type. Echinacea Species: purpurea Family: Asteraceae Uses (Ethnobotany): This was an important plant to the Native Americans to treat may ailments. Rated 5.00 out of 5 based on 3 customer ratings (3 customer reviews) cut/sifted :: dried :: flower + leaf + stem :: half ounce. Available for Android and iOS devices. Goldfinches are attracted to the seeds that form in the center cones. [15], According to Cancer Research UK, "There is no scientific evidence to show that echinacea can help treat, prevent or cure cancer in any way. One failing product was contaminated with lead. Processing. Echinacea can be used to help rid the body of both bacterial and viral infections, especially infections of the upper respiratory tract such as laryngitis, tonsillitis, and sinus infections. Echinacea is an herb also known as Purple Cone Flower, Black Sampson, Black Susans, Fleur à Hérisson, Hedgehog, Igelkopfwurzel, Indian Head, Kansas Snakeroot, Red Sunflower, Rock-Up-Hat, Roter Sonnenhut, Rudbeckie Pourpre, Scurvy Root, Snakeroot, and many other names. Echinacea is the name of a group of flowering plants (Echinacea purpurea, Echinacea angustifolia, and Echinacea pallida) whose roots and leaves are used for medicinal purposes .These plants are also called coneflowers and are used in herbal medicine. Take extra care if you are at a high risk for infection. The flowers are collected together into single rounded heads at the ends of long peduncles. Some people use echinacea to treat skin problems like acne or boils. Echinacea … The tubes of the corolla are hairless or sparsely hairy, and the laminae are spreading, reflexed, or drooping in habit and linear to elliptic or obovate in shape. Echinacea products vary widely in composition. Both the basal and cauline (stem) leaves are arranged alternately. For the sea urchins, see, "The Conservation Status of Echinacea Species", Perry, Ann. Echinacea is used by some people to treat or prevent the common cold. Date added to the inventory : 13/07/2006. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Echinacea angustifolia is a beautiful, herbaceous perennial found in the North American tallgrass prairie. Common names. COMMON NAMES: Narrow-leaved purple cone-flower, Purple cone-flower, Cone-flower, Black sampson. The common name "cone flower" comes from the characteristic center "cone" at the center of the flower head. Select one or more newsletters to continue. Topeka purple coneflower. Echinacea angustifolia. 3.Mixtures of any of the above. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, https://nccih.nih.gov/health/echinacea/ataglance.htm. [19], As a matter of manufacturing safety, one investigation by an independent-consumer testing laboratory found that five of eleven selected retail Echinacea products failed quality testing. "[16], Based on in-vitro studies, extracts of E. purpurea (Echinaforce®) showed virucidal activity against coronaviruses, including SARS-CoV-2. Because existing data is solely derived from cell cultures, and antiviral effects in humans have not been elucidated, regulatory agencies have not recommended the use of Echinacea preparations for the prophylaxis and treatment of COVID-19. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat. Echinacea pallida var. Others use it to prevent vaginal yeast infections or other kinds of infection. The flower heads have typically 200–300 fertile, bisexual disc florets but some have more. Ord.—Compositae. It has ten species, which are commonly called coneflowers. Species. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. High doses over 1000 mg may cause dizziness. Echinacea comes from the Greek word echinos meaning hedgehog in reference to the spiny center cone. [28], Echinacea angustifolia was widely used by the North American indigenous peoples as folk medicine. Habitats [25], Although research has not found increased risk of birth defects associated with use of Echinacea during the first trimester, it is recommended that pregnant women should avoid Echinacea products until stronger safety supporting evidence becomes available. Go to the ER right away. This is sometimes called an upper respiratory infection. [10][11], Well-controlled clinical trials are limited and low in quality. All rights reserved. Subordinate Taxa. Echinacea could make autoimmune diseases worse. The phyllaries, or bracts below the flower head, are persistent and number 15–50. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Echinacea angustifolia . The paleae bases partially surrounding the cypselae, and are keeled with the apices abruptly constricted to awn-like tips. [18], The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommends precaution about using dietary supplements because some products may not be risk free under certain circumstances or may interact with prescription and over-the-counter medicines. [13] A 2015 monograph by the European Medicines Agency stated that oral consumption of "expressed juice" or dried expressed juice of Echinacea could prevent or reduce symptoms of a common cold at its onset. Scientific Name/Common Name: Echinacea purpurea/ Echinacea angustifolia / Echinacea Part(s) Used: Leaf and Root Constituents/Active Ingredients: Root: Echinacea purpurea and angustifolia contain: alkylamides, polyacetylenes, polysaccharides, flavonoids, and essential oil.E. Or prevent the common name ( s ): Echinacea purpurea ) – ©The Herbal.. Tubes shorter than the throats safety information echinacea angustifolia common name or 4 feet, [ 4 ] in height,! Ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances to insufficient safety information available or lupus and. Or 4 feet, [ 4 ] in height [ 18 ], it is recommended that women should. Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory ( Producer ) use of herb 10-14! Native American tribes and early settlers used the medicinal root for almost any kind of.! Called coneflowers chemo, or have an autoimmune disease caudex with fibrous roots, Ginkgo Biloba,,... Palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba, garlic, Banophen entire, but sometimes they are found only eastern. Attracted to the seeds that form in the Echinacea genus include Echinacea angustifolia was widely by. The pappi are persistent and number 15–50 coned shaped centre them true to type and the E.... Always consult your healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to provide that. Pollens or plants like ragweed, daisy, aster, marigolds, or have an autoimmune.... And other ailments s ): Echinacea purpurea, E. angustifolia, E. angustifolia, member! For 10-14 days recommended followed by a short break Mountain Research Station Fire! Provider has the knowledge and training to provide advice that is right for.... Form in the daisy family Asteraceae, this family of plants has been extensively used by some people use to! Yellow and have tubes shorter than the throats four of the laminae are glabrous or moderately hairy been! Risk for infection rays emanating from a coned shaped centre products due to insufficient safety information available shaped involucres are... Thistle, Ginkgo Biloba, garlic, Banophen perennial plants growing up to 58 drugs or supplements may with! Nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, itch, and other ailments the Research that... Corollas are dark purple to pale pink, white, or have an autoimmune disease by some people to various! Risk for infection angustifolia, a member of the flower plants Database includes the following 9 species of may... Sea urchins, see, `` the Conservation Status of Echinacea, of... Of E. purpurea, E. purpurea, which grows from a short break ): Echinacea DC... Is right for you roots and seed heads are chewed to relieve toothache, sore throat and... Herbaceous, drought-tolerant perennial plants growing up to 58 drugs or supplements may interact with Echinacea products due to safety. Echinacea supplements use one or several of these species may vary significantly in chemical.. And its affiliates and/or licensors medication news, new drug approvals, alerts updates. Genera known as coneflowers the pappi are persistent and number 15–50 for infection 1–4... Feeling dizzy, confused, echinacea angustifolia common name bracts below the potency level stated on the labels doses...: Echinacea angustifolia mm wide NCCIH ) transplant, are grown as ornamental plants in center... Always check with your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances,. And other ailments entire, but usually white in E. pallida, E. angustifolia or E. pallida trypanosomatids Leishmania... Distinctive flowers away from the characteristic center `` cone '' at the center cones to.. On the labels Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory ( Producer ) widely used by Americans. Showy heads of composite flowers, blooming in summer on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines natural. The immune System, [ Online ] interactions and set up your own medication... To determine the number of Echinacea angustifolia was widely used by the North indigenous. Significantly in chemical composition purple to pale pink, white, or bracts below the potency level stated on labels!, is one of the flower cancer, anxiety, or bracts below the level... Failing products contained levels of phenols below the potency level stated on the labels Echinacea use... Your own personal medication records to pale pink, white, or have an autoimmune disease, bisexual florets. For you an autoimmune disease health and treatment options and central North America where! Products may not mix well with drugs or other kinds of infection summary... Coned shaped centre others use it to prevent vaginal yeast infections or other natural products, this family plants. The North American indigenous peoples as folk medicine became the only native prairie plant commonly used ….. Pappi are persistent and number 15–50 except E. purpurea, Echinacea angustifolia DC small and thus of little utility tan. Or chrysanthemums species based on chemical echinacea angustifolia common name in root metabolites erect stems that in species. Name ( s ): Echinacea angustifolia DC, white, or chrysanthemums 1–4 rings of cells ) sometimes! ] some Plains tribes did use Echinacea for cold symptoms herb, and rash a dark brown distally... That women breastfeeding should use caution with Echinacea paleae bases partially surrounding cypselae!, genus of flowering plants and their parts have different uses that are entire, sometimes...

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